A copy of the the case study is attached as well as the data that needs to be analyzed. In a couple of pages answer questions A, B, C.Please define what each coefficient in the equation represents. As well as defining R2 and P-value. The go on to explain what the data means. The main questions that need to be answered are as follows: A) Evaluate the relationship between visits per week and week. Interpret your regression results by discussing significance of the regression equation and magnitude of the estimated coefficients. B) Evaluate the relationship between cost per visit and week. Interpret your regression results by discussing significance of the regression equation and magnitude of the estimated coefficients. C) Compare the results from the two regressions and explain how they can be used to help Mr. Glen in making his decision.
Unformatted Attachment Preview
TRUE MASTER PLAN
True Master Plan (TMP) is a managed care company that provides and finances health care services for
employees of DigiTech Media, Inc. Approximately 5,000 employees at DigiTech Media are currently
enrolled in TMP’s health insurance plan. The number of enrollees has increased over the past year as
DigiTech Media continued to expand its workforce, and more and more DigiTech Media employees have
elected to receive this benefit.
DigiTech Media currently pays TMP the full cost of health insurance for its employees. This insurance
provides comprehensive coverage for inpatient and outpatient hospital care, surgical services, physician
office visits, and other services (e.g., x-rays). The only cost to employees is a $15 copayment for each
physician office visit.
Frank Glen is the Director of Strategic Planning and Forecasting at True Master Plan. His key function is
to direct the overall development and analysis of all strategic financial planning initiatives relating to
TMP’s managed care programs. His staff is involved in many activities, including preparing periodic
reports of the costs incurred under the DigiTech Media account. Every time a DigiTech Media employee
uses health care services, information about the type of service and the relevant costs are recorded in a
database. Mr. Glen recently directed his staff to perform a financial analysis of the current utilization and
costs incurred under the DigiTech Media account.
Jane Paul personally delivered her summary of utilization on the DigiTech Media account to Mr. Glen
(See Exhibit 1). The data, he noted, indicated a sharp increase in number of physician office visits over
the past month. He remarked, “The DigiTech Media employees’ use of outpatient physician services has
been going up for the past six months. What’s going on?” He asked Ms. Paul to provide him with the
enrollment numbers to see if the increase in utilization of physician services was primarily due to the
change in the number of employees enrolled in the health plan. “No problem,” she replied. “I have already
put the last six months’ weekly statistics into a spreadsheet.”
Mr. Glen was concerned about TMP’s profitability. Last year, TMP negotiated with DigiTech Media to
charge a fixed premium of $250 per employee per month. The total premium revenue is allocated as
follows: 55% to hospital and surgical services, 30% to physician visits, and 15% for other services,
administration, and profit. These allocations are used to establish budgets in the different departments at
TMP. The DigiTech Media contract would expire next month, at which time TMP would need to
renegotiate the terms of its contract with DigiTech Media. Mr. Glen feared that TMP would have to
request a sharp rate increase to remain profitable. TMP’s monthly cost of administering the health plan
was fixed, but the increases in the use of health care services were eroding TMP’s profits. He suspected
that other health plans were planning to increase premiums by 5-10 percent, which was reasonable given
the recent statistics on national health expenditures. A report from 2004, the most recent he could find,
indicated that total national health expenditures rose 7.9 percent from 2003 to 2004 — over three times
the rate of inflation.
Mr. Glen called in the rest of his staff to assist him in devising a strategy for renegotiating the DigiTech
Media account. “If possible, I would like to figure out how we can continue providing this service for the
rate we established last year. I’m afraid if we attempt to increase the per member premium, DigiTech
Media will contract with another health insurer. What other options do we have?”
Neil Gordon, who works in Membership Marketing, reported that he recently conducted a survey of cost
control mechanisms used by other health plans. His analysis revealed that TMP’s competitors are
increasing their use of these mechanisms, which include copayments, waiting periods, preauthorization
requirements, and exclusions on certain health care services.
“One of the problems, in my opinion, is that the DigiTech Media employees have nearly full coverage for
all their health care services,” remarked Gordon. “The DigiTech Media employees should pay some part
of their health care services out-of-pocket, so that they share an incentive to stay healthy. TMP only
charges a $15 copayment, but many other health insurance plans require that enrollees pay $20 – 25 for
each physician office visit. A higher copayment will help us reduce the use of physician services.” He
showed them the results from a national study that showed a significant relationship between the amount
of a copayment and the number of visits to a physician (See Exhibit 3), and recommended that Mr. Glen
consider implementing a larger copayment for each physician visit when the contract with DigiTech Media
Rose Garcia, who works in Provider Relations, disagreed. “I don’t think a higher copayment is going to
reduce the level of physician visits. The demand for health care services is a derived demand because it
depends on the demand for good health. People don’t necessarily want to visit their physician, but they
often have to in order to stay healthy. If we want to cut our costs, we will have to figure out how to pay
the health care providers less.” TMP currently pays for health care services on a fee-for-service basis.
Most of the area hospitals and physicians “participate” in TMP’s health insurance plan. When DigiTech
Media employees obtain health care services from participating health care providers, the providers are
reimbursed for their costs directly by TMP. Several factors have increased health care costs over time,
including the growing availability of medical technology, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and
increased medical malpractice litigation.
Ms. Garcia suggested that Mr. Glen consider negotiating with physicians to lower the costs of the services
provided. “I’ve heard that some managed care plans have cut deals with physicians to lower their
charges by 10-25 percent,” she said. “Physicians have accepted these deals because if they don’t, they
could be cut out of the health insurance plan and they could lose all their patients.” Mr. Gordon conceded
that this might be possible, but expressed his concern that if participating physicians accepted a lower
amount per visit, they might reduce the quality of care they provide to TMP’s members.
Mr. Glen dismissed his staff. Eager to resolve this issue, he phoned your consulting company for
assistance. TMP’s executives would need a full report of the current situation and evaluation of his staff’s
suggestions to either (a) increase the copayment, or (b) implement a reduction in charges for physician
Prepare a report of TMP’s current financial situation and include an evaluation of the two options for
controlling costs on the DigiTech Media account. Use the guidelines for writing a report on the course
You may wish to review the following LDC Concepts: Microeconomics 3 and 5, SOM 1, 4, and 7.
Monthly Report of Health Care Utilization
Total Costs Incurred – DigiTech Media, Inc.
Category of Service
Hospital Services– Inpatient
Hospital Services – Outpatient
Physician Office Visits
Number of members, July 31, 2006: 4129
Number of members, August 31, 2006: 4137
Data file has been provided on the course website.
Sample Means for Annual Use of Health Care Services
Source: “Demand for Health Care Services at Different Copayment Levels:
Results Based on a National Study of Health Insurance Enrollees”
Purchase answer to see full