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Preferred knowledge in criminal justice system. Please answer thoroughly. Submit one at a time when done. Thank you!




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1. The Asian/Pacific Americans involved in criminal justice careers are largely ______.
a. Japanese Americans
b. European Americans
c. African Americans
d. Indonesian Americans
2. Which one is NOT one of the stereotypes that have affected Asian/Pacific Americans in the law
enforcement setting?
a. viewing Asian/Pacific Americans as “all alike”
b. viewing Asian/Pacific Americans as “model minorities”
c. viewing some as possible “foreign” terrorists because of their skin color, religious affiliation, and/or
native dress
d. viewing Asian/Pacific Americans as weak minorities
3. Culture shock exhibited by Asian/Pacific Americans may result from _________.
a. modernization
b. urbanization
c. industrialization
d. all of the above
4. Asian/Pacific Americans are a _________ population.
a. heterogeneous
b. decreasing
c. increasing
d. homogeneous
5. Misunderstandings resulting from style differences can lead to _________ and pe rceptions of poor
service from police agencies.
a. positives
b. conflicts
c. abilities
d. increases
6. _________ is the transportation of persons for sexual exploitation, forced labor, or other illegal or
criminal activities.
a. Human trafficking
b. Service
c. African slavery
d. Middle Eastern slavery
7. The __________ resulted in the Japanese government’s voluntarily restricting the immigration of
Japanese laborers to the United States.
a. Chinese Exclusion Act
b. Bill 49
c. Monroe Doctrine
d. Gentleman’s Agreement
8. When there are __________ and cooperative efforts among law enforcement, criminal justice, and
community advocacy systems, Asian and Pacific American communities begin to gain a greater trust and
confidence in law enforcement.
a. differences
b. collaborative
c. challenges
d. dilemmas
9. A slave was counted as __________ of a person during census-taking as dictated by the Constitution,
that is, the foundation of the U.S. Judicial system.
a. 3/5
b. 1/2
c. 1/4
d. 4/5
10. Where do the impressions people in society and law enforce ment have regarding African Americans
come from?
a. media messages and images
b. books about race
c. movies about communities
d. school communities
11. The Civil Rights Movement resulted in improvements in which of the following areas for African
a. education
b. employment
c. politics
d. all of the above
12. Which of the following is NOT a suggestion for officers to utilize when interacting with a single
African American mother?
a. make follow-up visits when there are problems
b. use profanity
c. give your business card to the mother
d. explain to the mother her rights
13. __________ is the application of an amount and/or frequency of force greater than that required to
compel compliance from a willing or unwilling subject.
a. Excessive force
b. Reasonable force
c. Bad force
d. Reinforcement
14. Black-on-black crime seems to be tolerated and even accepted as _________.
a. punishable
b. acceptable
c. inevitable
d. never-changing
15. _________, more than class, tends to determine how the larger society reacts to and treats blacks.
a. Money
b. Assets
c. Color
d. Family
16. The term __________ focuses on positive historical and cultural roots rather than on race or skin
a. African American
b. differing races
c. Black American
d. same races
17. The first wave of migration by Cubans into the United States occurred between what years?
a. 1965-1973
b. 1976-1979
c. 1980-1982
d. 1959-1965
18. Traditionally, the role of the father in the Latino/Hispanic population is NOT which of the following?
a. head of household
b. disciplinarian
c. decision maker
d. homemaker
19. What language provides the common thread among most Latino/Hispanic Americans?
a. French
b. Latin
c. Portuguese
d. Spanish
20. The word _________ does not describe a racial group.
a. Hispanic
b. Puerto Rican
c. Cuban
d. Dominican
21. The _________ wave of Cuban immigrants was the largest.
a. second
b. third
c. fourth
d. fifth
22. __________ means maleness, manliness, and virility.
a. Feminism
b. Relativism
c. Machismo
d. Marianismo
23. A Pew Hispanic Center report shows that more Latino __________ are living in poverty than any
other racial or ethnic group.
a. children
b. immigrants
c. workers
d. descendants
24. “Wetback” is a derogatory _________ that is never acceptable for use by law enforcement officers.
a. comment
b. ethnic slur
c. action
d. diverse term
25. Which of the following is NOT one of the states that has seen the fastest growth of Hispanics?
a. Virginia
b. North Carolina
c. South Carolina
d. Kentucky
1. The Chinese Exclusion Act in 1882 denied Chinese Laborers the right to enter ______.
a. Europe
b. Africa
c. America
d. Asia
2. A judgment or opinion formed before facts are known, usually involving negative or unfavorable
thoughts about groups of people is known as ________.
a. stereotype
b. prejudice
c. hate
d. bias
3. A _________ dimension is a core characteristic with which a person is born that remains with the
individual in all stages of his or her life.
a. primary
b. secondary
c. auxiliary
d. perspective
4. A process of _______ takes place when top management has mandated change and a person is
forced to adopt a new standard of behavior.
a. leadership
b. surrendering
c. socialization
d. accountability
5. ________ is the beliefs, habits, attitudes, values, and patterns of thinking, behavior, and everyday
customs that have been passed on from generation to gene ration.
a. Culture
b. Immigration
c. Religion
d. Deism
6. An estimated ________ percent of European immigrants, or 2.1 million people, were born in Eastern
a. 22
b. 71
c. 44
d. 61
7. A total rejection of others by reason of race, color, or sometimes more broadly, culture is defined as
a. racism
b. prejudice
c. stereotype
d. bias
8. What is the most commonly used term for homosexual woman?
a. bisexual
b. lesbian
c. gay
d. transgender
9. Which of the following is NOT an example of sexual or gender harassment in the workplace?
a. unwelcome sexual behavior, such as jokes, cartoons, posters, banter,repeated requests for dates, and
requests for sexual favors
b. a supervisor asking employee to perform sexual acts in return for a job benefit
c. comments such as “women should stay home and have babies and leave policing to real men,” and
the like
d. assignments to jobs or programs that are considered “traditionally women’s” instead of the nontraditional positions such as SWAT teams, K-9, gang units, narcotics, etc.
10. According to David Shipler, which of the following terms does NOT describe the basic framework for
combating and defusing racism in the military?
a. command commitment
b. training of advisors
c. complaints and monitoring
d. screening applicants to determine their biases and prejudices
11. _________ is the approach to one’s occupation or career, with a sense of dedication and expertise.
a. Professionalism
b. Leadership
c. Peer following
d. Complacency
12. A _________ is a person who is physically, romantically, and/or emotionally attracted to people of
the same gender.
a. transgender
b. homosexual
c. heterosexual
d. none of the above
13. Difficulty in finding qualified applicants to fill law enforcement positions has led to what type of
a. universal
b. recruitment
c. demographic
d. interventional
14. Job satisfaction and employee commitment are often attributed to __________.
a. good leadership
b. life balance
c. perks at work
d. domestic happiness
15. The oral interview panel screening law enforcement applicants should NOT __________.
a. be gender and racially diverse
b. include members of the local community to reduce the possibility of bias
c. include both sworn and civilian law enforcement employees
d. use different questions for male and female candidates Unit 1 Examination 45 BCJ 530 Multicultural
Issues in Law Enforcement
16. There are screening devices to try to determine candidate’s attitudes and bias. Which one of the
following is NOT a relevant interview question with respect to bias?
a. How the applicant has interacted with members of other groups.
b. What the applicant thinks people of diverse groups say about him or her.
c. Whether the applicant has ever experienced conflict or tension with members of diverse groups or
individuals and how he or she handled the experience.
d. How the applicant feels about affirmative action.
17. Recruiting minority and women applicants, especially in highly competitive labor markets, requires
commitment and __________.
a. effort
b. financial stability c. making phone calls d. complacency
18. Evaluation systems should be used that involve factors that are job-related and _________ rather
than subjective.
a. objective
b. efficient
c. different
d. easily understood
19. What must officers be when communicating with people from various backgrounds?
a. firm
b. authentic
c. subjective
d. objective
20. Which word or phrase below means: deeply embedded system of societal structure whereby people
are organized according to how much status and power they have?
a. low context communication
b. high context communication
c. hierarchy
d. profiling
21. There are three recurring situations in which an officer may hear the accusation “You stopped me
because I’m [Black, Arab, etc.]. Which one of the following is NOT one of the situations?
a. residents from predominantly one race will call the police when someone suspicious— from a
different race or culture—comes into their neighborhood
b. “reflex response” of the citizen
c. residents from predominantly one race will call the police when someone suspicious — from the same
race or culture—comes into their neighborhood
d. racial profiling
22. In the area of data gathering and interviewing, police officers in a multicultural law enforcement and
peacekeeping situation should _________.
a. assume that their key motivators and values are the same as those of the other parties involved
b. should not assume that their key motivators and values are the same as those of the other parties
c. allow children who are suspects in an investigation to translate for their limited- or non-English
speaking parents
d. none of the above
23. Understanding _________ differences and how they impact communication is critical.
a. cultural
b. personal
c. drastic
d. non-traditional
24. Communication can be strained and _________ when there is no apparent common ground.
a. efficient
b. supportive
c. unnatural
d. beneficial
25. In ________ communication, people depend more on words to create and interpret meaning rather
than the setting, body language or levels of hierarchy involved.
a. low-context
b. verbal
c. body
d. high-context
1. Middle Easterners come to the United States for numerous reasons. Which of the following is one of
a. gain an education
b. escape unstable political situation
c. begin a career
d. all of the above
2. Arab communities expect communication to be _________.
a. courteous
b. hospitable
c. harmonious
d. all of the above
3. What is the only county in the Middle East where the majority of the population is NOT Muslim?
a. Iraq
b. Israel
c. Iran
d. Algeria
4. Which of the following is NOT a Pillar of Islam?
a. profession of faith in God
b. prayer seven times a day
c. giving of alms
d. all of the above
5. Arab is a noun for a _________ and is used as an adjective as in “Arab country.”
a. person
b. boy
c. girl
d. servant
6. The ________ is the holy text for Muslims, and is regarded as the word of God.
a. Bible
b. Qur’an
c. Book of Mormon
d. Torah
7. The most offensive Arab stereotypes come from the _________.
a. Internet
b. academia
c. media
d. government
8. Officers working in Arab American communities should know that for Arabs, words are extremely
a. pointless
b. powerful
c. welcomed
d. useless
9. Which one of the following was one of the three states with the largest Native American population in
a. California
b. Oklahoma
c. Arizona
d. all of the above
10. Which of the following is not a characteristic verbal or nonverbal aspect of Native American
a. openness and self-disclosure
b. silence
c. avoidance of eye-contact
d. reserved style
11. Which of the following can be considered offensive terms?
a. sitting Indian style
b. Indian giver
c. wild Indians
d. all of the above
12. The word _________ is not a term that Native Americans originally used to designate their tribes or
a. Indian
b. Coyote
c. Tribal Member
d. Warrior
13. An Indian __________ is land that a tribe has reserved for its exclusive use through statutes,
executive order, or the course of treaty-making.
a. community
b. state
c. reservation
d. region
14. The most striking difference between Indian and Western man is the manner in which each views his
role in the __________.
a. universe
b. country
c. state
d. town
15. One Indian perception about communication style is that Euro-Americans, due to their excessive
openness, are superficial and thus __________.
a. trustworthy
b. beneficial
c. positive
d. untrustworthy
16. Indian culture values ________ because of the respect they have for wisdom and experience.
a. new-birth
b. aging
c. persecution
d. departure
17. Which federal entity has as one of its core missions “to secure and manage U.S. borders?”
a. Department of Justice
b. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
c. Department of Homeland Security
d. National Incident Management System (NIMS)
18. Which of the following is NOT a reason the USA Patriot Act was signed into law?
a. observation of law enforcement
b. improve government coordination in law enforcement
c. intelligence gathering
d. information sharing
19. What is the primary goal of law enforcement?
a. ensure public safety
b. ensure security
c. a and b
d. b only
20. Which of the following are weapons of mass destruction?
a. explosive
b. chemical
c. nuclear
d. all of the above
21. Chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive are known as _________.
a. weapons of mass destruction
b. atomic bombs
c. hydrogen weapons
d. scientific warfare weapons
22. The role of the ________ is one of facilitating and developing avenues of communication between
local, state and federal government public safety organizations to ensure viable and effective leadership,
policies and procedures.
a. Central Intelligence Agency
b. Department of Homeland Security
c. Board of Security
d. Drug Enforcement Agency
23. _________ serves as the primary organization in the United States Government for integrating and
analyzing all intelligence pertaining to counterterrorism.
b. FBI
c. CIA
24. The __________ became the third largest federal department.
a. Department of Homeland Security
b. Department of Education
c. Department of Foreign Affairs
d. Department of Intelligence
25. __________ was created to help coordinate volunteer activities that will make local communities
safer and better prepared to response to any emergency situation.
a. Indian Bureau
b. Citizens United
c. Citizen Corps
d. Indian Agency
1. Who is responsible for publishing an annual report as part of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR)
which collects data for crimes motivated by biases against race, religion, sexual orientation,
ethnicity/national origin, gender and gender identity, and disability?
a. FBI
b. DEA
c. SBI
d. DHS
2. What are the most effective and successful approaches to building a climate of public safety?
a. established specialized hate crimes or civil rights violation units
b. standardized procedures to prosecute hate crime cases
c. appointed attorneys to be liaisons with various ethnic, racial, religious, and sexual orientation groups
in the community
d. all of the above
3. What are the potential obstacles to successful prosecutions of hate/bias crimes?
a. lenient sentences
b. proving the crime was motivated by bias
c. special defenses
d. all of the below
4. ___________ are the most extreme and dangerous manifestation of racism.
a. Hate crimes
b. Gender attacks
c. Gender crimes
d. Hateful rhetoric
5. A __________ is an irrational, excessive, and persistent fear of some particular thing or situation.
a. fear
b. phobia
c. tough decision
d. challenge
6. The federal ___________ of 1990 encourages states to collect and report hate crime data to the FBI.
a. Act of Aggression
b. Hate Act
c. Act of Division
d. Hate Crime Statistics Act
7. The __________ was founded in 1913 to stop the defamation of Jewish people and to secure justice
and fair treatment to all citizens alike.
a. Anti-Immigration League
b. Anti-Defamation League
c. Anti-Exclusion League
d. Anti-Operation League
8. Law Enforcement agencies must __________ to fight and control hate groups.
a. track their activities
b. establish responsibility for crimes
c. assists in their prosecution
d. all of the above
9. What are some examples of exemplary community programs that have proven, in some situations, to
decrease the number of crimes?
a. school programs
b. task force on police-Asian Relations
c. town watch
d. all of the above
10. Establishing a good __________ system within public organizations and the justice system is
essential in every area of the country.
a. reporting
b. faith
c. research
d. procedure
11. Tracking __________ incidents and crimes allows criminal justice managers to deploy their resources
appropriately when fluctuation occurs.
a. targeting
b. foul
c. hate/bias
d. criminal
12. The ___________ is described as a militia-style organization and is known for domestic terrorism.
a. Arizona Warriors
b. Children of Dawn
c. American Front
d. Sons of Liberty
13. Which one of the following is a part of the mental activity that involves conscious and unconscious
thought processes?
a. making observations and selecting data born out of a person’s past experiences
b. adding cultural and personal meaning to what an individual observes
c. making assumptions based on the meanings that an individual has attributed to the observation
d. all of the above
14. Which term below means “struggle” in Arabic and, in some contexts, “holy war?”
a. al-jihad
b. al-qaeda
c. taliban
d. al aqsa
15. Law enforcement personnel are entrusted with __________.
a. protecting the rights of those who are subject of stereotyping, harassment, and discrimination
b. identifying and bringing to justice those who are terrorist and criminal s
c. identifying terrorists and/or criminals who do not fit a particular profile or stereotype
d. all of the above
16. Which of the following is NOT an element of a professional traffic stop?
a. organizational/agency policy
b. officer training
c. data collection
d. quota of tickets written
17. Statistical benchmarks are the comparative populations or groups against which data collected are
going to be analyzed and interpreted. An example of a benchmark discussed in the text is __________.
a. out of state residents
b. behavior of the judge in court
c. accident records for not-at-fault drivers
d. testimony of the defendant in court
18. Courts have held that matching a profile alone is not the equivalent of the reasonable suspicion or
probable cause necessary to conduct an investigative detention or __________.
a. arrest
b. investigation
c. incident
d. criminal stop
19. Which one is not a commonly used term by police agencies across the nations to describe
community policing?
a. POP
b. SOP
c. CBB
d. CBP
20. Which of the following on-line resource articles does the US Department of Justice make available to
assist in understanding and responding to youth crime and school violence?
a. “Bullying in Schools”
b. “Drive-By Shootings”
c. “Gun Violence Among Serious Young Offenders”
d. all of the above
21. Which of the following is listed as selected criteria for classifying groups as gangs?
a. the group is involved in an elevated level of criminal activity
b. the group has some permanence and a degree of organization
c. the group has three or more members aged 12-24
d. all of the above
22. Which statement a …
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