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1. Choose from one of the following theories: behaviorist, social cognitive,
information processing, and constructivist psychology. How does learning occur
according to your chosen theory and what aspects of learning are not explained by
this theory?
2. Behaviorism is where there is learning that happens when there is an individual
that is able to respond to something that is external (Clark, 2018). Behaviorist
looks at the learning as the acquisition of the behaviors that are new. They do not
look at the thinking or the activities that are mental because they are not known as
observable behaviors. Behaviorist looks at things differently than many other
theorists. They do this because they believe that the two conditioning methods are
what help understand someone (Clark, 2018). They are able to use Pavlov’s
research to understand their own research (Clark, 2018). Behaviorism is not an
area that looks at things that were learned in the past rather what they can be
conditioned to (Clark, 2018). This means that the individual is not evaluated
because of their past. The things that they can show now evaluate them. As with
Pavlov’s experiment the children and dogs were shown food and with this food
there was association with some type of item (Clark, 2018). When the item was in
site after being shown the results were more of what he was looking for.
Clark, K. R. (2018). Learning Theories: Behaviorism. Radiologic Technology,
90(2), 172–175. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?
direct=true&AuthType=shib&db=ccm&AN=132750220&site=edslive&scope=site
3.
Social Cognitive Theory is what I’ll be talking about. Social Cognitive Theory is
the understanding of what is being said to you by another person. “Social
Cognitive Theory, which stresses the idea that much human learning occurs in a
social environment. By observing others, people acquire knowledge, rules, skills,
strategies, beliefs, and attitudes. Individuals also learn from models the usefulness
and appropriateness of behaviors and the consequences of modeled behaviors, and
they act in accordance with beliefs about their capabilities and the expected
outcomes of their actions. The opening scenario portrays an instructional
application of modeling. The conceptual framework of social cognitive theory is
discussed, along with its underlying assumptions about the nature of human
learning and behavior. A significant portion of the chapter is devoted to modeling
processes. The various influences on learning and performance are described, and
motivational influences are discussed with special emphasis on the critical role of
self-efficacy. Some instructional applications that reflect social cognitive learning
principles are provided” (Schunk, 2016).
Ormrod, J., Schunk, D., & Gredler, M. (2009). Learning theories and
instruction (Laureate custom edition). New York: Pearson.

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