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Prepare this assignment as a 1,500-1,750 word paper using the instructor feedback from the previous course assignments and the guidelines below.PICOT Question Revise the PICOT question you wrote in the Topic 1 assignment using the feedback you received from your instructor.The final PICOT question will provide a framework for your capstone project (the project students must complete during their final course in the RN-BSN program of study).Research CritiquesIn the Topic 2 and Topic 3 assignments, you completed a qualitative and quantitative research critique on two articles for each type of study (4 articles total). Use the feedback you received from your instructor on these assignments to finalize the critical analysis of each study by making appropriate revisions.The completed analysis should connect to your identified practice problem of interest that is the basis for your PICOT question.Refer to “Research Critiques and PICOT Guidelines – Final Draft.” Questions under each heading should be addressed as a narrative in the structure of a formal paper.Proposed Evidence-Based Practice ChangeDiscuss the link between the PICOT question, the research articles, and the nursing practice problem you identified. Include relevant details and supporting explanation and use that information to propose evidence-based practice changes.General RequirementsPrepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.
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Research Critique Guidelines
To write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of the research study conducted,
address each component below for qualitative study in the Topic 2 assignment and the
quantitative study in the Topic 3 assignment.
Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples,
or reference content from the study in your responses.
Qualitative Study
Background of Study:

Identify the clinical problem and research problem that led to the study. What was not
known about the clinical problem that, if understood, could be used to improve health
care delivery or patient outcomes? This gap in knowledge is the research problem.

How did the author establish the significance of the study? In other words, why should
the reader care about this study? Look for statements about human suffering, costs of
treatment, or the number of people affected by the clinical problem.

Identify the purpose of the study. An author may clearly state the purpose of the study or
may describe the purpose as the study goals, objectives, or aims.

List research questions that the study was designed to answer. If the author does not
explicitly provide the questions, attempt to infer the questions from the answers.

Were the purpose and research questions related to the problem?
Method of Study:

Were qualitative methods appropriate to answer the research questions?

Did the author identify a specific perspective from which the study was developed? If so,
what was it?

Did the author cite quantitative and qualitative studies relevant to the focus of the study?
What other types of literature did the author include?

Are the references current? For qualitative studies, the author may have included studies
older than the 5-year limit typically used for quantitative studies. Findings of older
qualitative studies may be relevant to a qualitative study.

Did the author evaluate or indicate the weaknesses of the available studies?

Did the literature review include adequate information to build a logical argument?

When a researcher uses the grounded theory method of qualitative inquiry, the researcher
may develop a framework or diagram as part of the findings of the study. Was a
framework developed from the study findings?
© 2016. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.
Results of Study

What were the study findings?

What are the implications to nursing?

Explain how the findings contribute to nursing knowledge/science. Would this impact
practice, education, administration, or all areas of nursing?
Ethical Considerations

Was the study approved by an Institutional Review Board?

Was patient privacy protected?

Were there ethical considerations regarding the treatment or lack of?
Conclusion

Emphasize the importance and congruity of the thesis statement.

Provide a logical wrap-up to bring the appraisal to completion and to leave a lasting
impression and take-away points useful in nursing practice.

Incorporate a critical appraisal and a brief analysis of the utility and applicability of the
findings to nursing practice.

Integrate a summary of the knowledge learned.
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Quantitative Study
Background of Study:

Identify the clinical problem and research problem that led to the study. What was not
known about the clinical problem that, if understood, could be used to improve health
care delivery or patient outcomes? This gap in knowledge is the research problem.

How did the author establish the significance of the study? In other words, why should
the reader care about this study? Look for statements about human suffering, costs of
treatment, or the number of people affected by the clinical problem.

Identify the purpose of the study. An author may clearly state the purpose of the study or
may describe the purpose as the study goals, objectives, or aims.

List research questions that the study was designed to answer. If the author does not
explicitly provide the questions, attempt to infer the questions from the answers.

Were the purpose and research questions related to the problem?
Methods of Study

Identify the benefits and risks of participation addressed by the authors. Were there
benefits or risks the authors do not identify?

Was informed consent obtained from the subjects or participants?

Did it seem that the subjects participated voluntarily in the study?

Was institutional review board approval obtained from the agency in which the study was
conducted?

Are the major variables (independent and dependent variables) identified and defined?
What were these variables?

How were data collected in this study?

What rationale did the author provide for using this data collection method?

Identify the time period for data collection of the study.

Describe the sequence of data collection events for a participant.

Describe the data management and analysis methods used in the study.

Did the author discuss how the rigor of the process was assured? For example, does the
author describe maintaining a paper trail of critical decisions that were made during the
analysis of the data? Was statistical software used to ensure accuracy of the analysis?

What measures were used to minimize the effects of researcher bias (their experiences
and perspectives)? For example, did two researchers independently analyze the data and
compare their analyses?
Results of Study

What is the researcher’s interpretation of findings?
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Are the findings valid or an accurate reflection of reality? Do you have confidence in the
findings?

What limitations of the study were identified by researchers?

Was there a coherent logic to the presentation of findings?

What implications do the findings have for nursing practice? For example, can the
findings of the study be applied to general nursing practice, to a specific population, or to
a specific area of nursing?

What suggestions are made for further studies?
Ethical Considerations

Was the study approved by an Institutional Review Board?

Was patient privacy protected?

Were there ethical considerations regarding the treatment or lack of?
Conclusion

Emphasize the importance and congruity of the thesis statement.

Provide a logical wrap-up to bring the appraisal to completion and to leave a lasting
impression and take-away points useful in nursing practice.

Incorporate a critical appraisal and a brief analysis of the utility and applicability of the
findings to nursing practice.

Integrate a summary of the knowledge learned.
Reference
Burns, N., & Grove, S. (2011). Understanding nursing research (5th ed.). St. Louis, MO:
Elsevier.
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