A prospectus is the plan for your research paper that you submit before actually writing the essay or completing the research. How a prospectus can be helpful:When you have to write annotations for each source, it makes you read each source more carefully.This allows you to see what has been done in the field and where your own research can fit.Writing a prospectus can help you gain a good perspective on what is being said about your topic.It is an excellent way to organize your information. Instead of re-reading a long article over and over again, you have a summary to remind yourself of its main points.PART 1:Your prospectus should answer the following questions in complete sentences:1.) What is your topic in focus (ethics and/or innovation in what field)? What questions, stemming from your own concerns and curiosity, might drive this essay and research in a meaningful way? Type up the questions that you hope to find answers to.2.) What is your proposed thesis statement? This might naturally shift as you research and write, but you need to formulate your own assertive views now that you’ve gained some knowledge from the research you’ve engaged in.3.) How do you plan to structure/organize your essay? Specifically, you should describe what the purpose of each paragraph will be. In other words, which sub-topics of the main topic have you chosen to focus on? Some generic sub-topics might be: historical context, roots/causes, current news, testimonies or cases, legal challenges, oppositional views, effects/results/consequences/possible solutions, etc. Based on your research, adapt these and make the “essay organization” unique to your own research paper. 4.) Reflection on your research: What do you still need to find out? Where do you currently stand with this research paper (any issues in research, time, essay organization, questions you may have for your instructor, etc.)?PART 2:1.) Provide a bibliography of 5 or more possible sources you might use in your paper — listed with correct citation form using MLA documentation style (if there is a direct URL link to the source online, please provide it so that I can check it). Each source should be annotated with 2-3 sentences where you: a.) summarize that source’s argument in your own words b.) state briefly how it will connect to your specific question of interest or thesis2.) Lastly, if you have more than 5 sources listed, highlight in a bright color which ones you are almost certain you will be using in your essay.*REMEMBER: you must have variety of genres in your sources (videos, news articles, scholarly articles, e-books, interviews, etc.) and at least one of your sources must be scholarly.
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Research and Argumentation
on a Current Ethical Issue or Innovative Trend
Within Your Field
Length: 5-7 pages (double spaced, MLA format)
Prospectus with the sources and a proposed thesis
Complete rough draft with underlined thesis
Final draft of essay with underlined thesis and Works Cited page
In the Unit 2, we focused on authors who have written about various education and career
pathways, and in Unit 3, we learned how to synthesize multiple sources. This third unit in our
course is now about you and your own career interest(s)—and you will continue to hone the skill
of having several credible sources integrated into your paper. If you are interested in nursing, for
example, there are many different kinds of “job role” focuses within this field, such as Neonatal
Intensive Care Unit (NICU) nurse, pediatric nurse, and an oncology nurse. To create an original,
meaningful research essay that doesn’t make you feel too overwhelmed, you should narrow your
essay to just one sub-field within your general field.
Even if you don’t have a major declared yet or a specific career yet in mind, you can still choose
a topic that most interests you and piques your curiosity! The experience of writing a research
paper should involve you trying to find out what you don’t already know, and then informing
your reader about what you’ve learned, while also making an original argument.
The research paper prompt you must respond to is here below:
What innovation and/or ethical/moral issue within your field is
currently trending, and what is your argumentative position on
MORE POTENTIAL QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER TO HELP YOU
STRUCTURE YOUR RESEARCH AND OVERALL ESSAY:
• If it’s an innovation, who are some of the leaders/organizations who have
founded it? What are some of the reasons, causes/effects of this innovation,
etc.? What has this innovation already accomplished? What do you think
about all this?
• If it’s an ethical/moral issue, who has called attention to it and why? What is
at stake, or whom is being “harmed” and in what sense? What
problems/solutions have emerged? What do you think about all this?
In your research paper, make sure to do the following:
● Thoroughly explain any key concepts within your field for any unfamiliar yet educated
● Create an original and argumentative thesis that fulfills the “5 Qualities of a Strong
Thesis,” (see Module 4.5) and craft thoughtful claims (which will typically appear in the
topic sentence of each of your composed paragraphs.)
● Employ a problem/solution and/or cause/effect structure. Explain the root
causes/problems of your topic, and the consequences or results to show what is being
done about it. Then, discuss your own logical conclusions and assertive reflections.
● You must conduct research and incorporate 5-7 credible sources (at least 1 must be
scholarly a.k.a. an academic source . . . the online “LUCI” tutorial assignment,
which is worth 20 points, will help you with this). Your other sources can be anything
from: e-books, regular books, Public Service Announcements, news article sources (such
as Associated Press, Reuters, The Guardian, etc.), TedTalks, organizations’ websites, etc.
If you have any questions about the credibility of a source, you should check with me
before using it in your essay.
● In your conclusion, and elsewhere in your paper as appropriate, connect these concepts to
your own experiences and identity and what you hope to accomplish when you get into
your field. Consider discussing any pre-conceived notions you have had prior to doing
your research. Also, consider real world application, and make speculations on what
might be done, moving forward. Should people continue to strive to be innovative within
the field? Or can certain implemented (ethical) practices or strategies make a difference?
Ask yourself “big” questions when you begin the research, and try to answer them in
Essay #4: Grading Rubric Sheet
In the introduction, engage us with the “larger conversation”/ “heart of the matter.” Present
your purpose (what you are setting out to do) and why. Don’t forget to include relevant
context for your particular field of choice.
Establish a clear, substantially crafted thesis that covers the major points you will discuss
and analyze in your essay. It should reflect the structure of your paper and the “5 Qualities
of a Strong Thesis.” Your assertive voice should emerge in your thesis. You are welcome
to acknowledge a counterargument within your argument, but this is not required.
Craft clear, substantially crafted topic sentences (your claims) for each body paragraph.
Your topic sentences should vary; for example, in each body paragraph, you might address
the history of an issue within your field, factors that contribute to the problem, testimonies,
counterarguments, progress that has been made, etc.
Effectively use evidence—direct quotations and paraphrasing–to support your main
argument. Adequately introduce and correctly cite a range of evidence types (testimonies,
factual data, historical anecdotes, expert opinions, etc.)
Analysis: synthesize ideas, draw conclusions, and present original insights. Respond to the
prompt question, demonstrating that you have thoroughly researched this topic and thought
critically about an ethical issue and/or innovative trend, as well as solutions/consequences.
Use an effective structure that smoothly and logically guides the reader from one idea to
the next. Include a range of transitional words and expressions where appropriate.
Have thoroughly edited your paper. Adhere to MLA format, length requirement, grammar,
and sentence structure. Include a proper Works Cited page.
Thoughtfully and eloquently conclude your discussion. Comment on the significance of
your essay and the topic at hand. Consider “real world application” and/or personal
connections in your general closure. How might this topic affect you later on once you are
employed within this field? Should people continue to strive to be innovative within the
field? Or can certain implemented (ethical) practices or strategies make a difference?
Include 5-7 credible outside texts—in a range of genres/types—and give the reader a brief
summary of these sources. The writer has included at least one scholarly/academic source.
A strong, assertive voice and style will be considered here. Use first person (I/We) and
third person (he/she/they) when appropriate. Maintain a formal, serious, and academic tone.
Avoid wordiness and use present tense when discussing texts.
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